Adventist Review Online | How Faith Communities Can Change the Dialogue from Hate to Love


At an international summit, the ADRA president discussed the essential role of religious organizations.

During a recent summit held in Geneva, Switzerland, Jonathan Duffy, president for the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA), joined hundreds of interfaith world leaders to discuss fostering inclusivity and countering hate speech to enhance the protection of religious minorities, refugees, and migrants. 

Duffy served on a panel of lawyers and executive directors organized by the International Association for the Defense of Religious Liberty. He shared some of the global trends in migration and highlighted what drives migration. 

Four C’s that Drive Migration

In his opening statement, Duffy highlighted four “C’s” that drive migration: concentration, corruption, conflict, and climate change. 

“The concentration I speak of is a concentration of jobs, wealth, and knowledge, both individually and geographically,” Duffy said. “Knowledge and economy with its associated emphasis with technology are concentrating wealth and power, and with it, jobs. This is leading toward a migration to the cities.”

Duffy highlighted particular aspects of the second “C,” which is corruption. “It’s arguably the biggest drag on economic development,” he said. He quoted former World Bank president Jim Young Kim, who likened corruption to a dollar put into the pocket of a corrupt official or business person that is a dollar stolen from those who need it most.

Conflict was another “C” that Duffy addressed as a driving factor of migration. He spoke about countries suffering ongoing war, like Syria, the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Myanmar, and Afghanistan, and envisioned a world where conflicts like those were reduced.

“We can hope and pray that all these conflicts are resolved and at least managed,” Duffy said. “But who would be optimistic to imagine that would happen? Indeed, as the world is turning increasingly to authoritarian leaders, they rely on existential threats to justify their oppression; conflicts appear more likely than not.” 


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