Cigarette causes more than 50 types of diseases, including cancer

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Product can also lead to irritability and depression. See tips to beat smoking

May 31, 2020
/ Brasilia, Brazil
/ Vanessa Arba


Close up on man Man extinguishes the cigarette in the ash tray quitting no smoking lung health problems

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[Photo Credit: Getty Images]

According to the National Cancer Institute (INCA), more than 150,000 people die annually in Brazil from complications associated with smoking. Around the world, more 8 million die each year because of tabacco. The World Health Organization has designated May 31 as World No Tobacco Day, a day set aside each year to talk about the risks of tobacco use. 

Smoking is considered the leading cause of preventable death around the world. According to cardiologist Everton Padilha, more than 50 diseases are associated with the use of tobacco derivatives. They include coronary (angina and myocardial infarction), bronchitis, emphysema, osteopenia, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, cancer (in the lungs, bronchi, mouth, larynx, pharynx, oropharynx, trachea, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, stomach, esophagus, kidneys, bladder, colon, rectum, urethra, cervix and blood) and vascular diseases (including stroke), in addition to decrease immunity and increase inflammation.

Smoking can also cause sexual impotence in men, in addition to affecting sperm (which can reduce fertility and increase the risk of miscarriages and deficiencies in the fetus), complications in pregnancy (premature births, intrauterine death, sudden infant death syndrome ( SIDS), pregnancy outside the uterus (ectopic), cleft palate, etc.), arterial aneurysms, ulcers in the digestive tract and respiratory infections.

In terms of appearance, smoking increases inflammatory factors in the skin, decreases the amount of oxygen needed for its regeneration and degrades collagen. This breakdown accelerates the appearance of wrinkles, changes hydration and contributes to premature aging.

Can Smoking help with Relaxation? 

"This effect is misleading," says Dr. Padilha. “Although nicotine apparently increases concentration and well-being, most of this effect is a mere sensation due to the psychological dependence on cigarettes,” he says. “In the long run, the habit increases irritability, impatience, hostility, anxiety, depression, worsens concentration, hinders relaxation and increases heart rate. And in addition, although popular culture disseminates that ‘cigarettes lose weight’, in the long run it can promote weight gain. ”

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